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6.3. Perintah apt-cache

Perintah apt-cache dapat menampilkan banyak informasi yang tersimpan di basisdata internal APT. Informasi ini semacam singgahan karena dikumpulkan dari daftar sumber yang berbeda di berkas sources.list. Hal ini terjadi selama operasi apt update.
Perintah apt-cache dapat melakukan pencarian berdasarkan kata-kunci dengan apt-cache search katakunci. Dapat pula menampilkan header versi paket yang tersedia dengan apt-cache show paket. Perintah ini menyediakan deskripsi paket, ketergantungannya, nama maintainernya, dll. Catat bahwa apt search, apt show, aptitude search, dan aptitude show bekerja dengan cara yang sama.
Some features are more rarely used. For instance, apt-cache dumpavail displays the headers of all available versions of all packages. apt-cache pkgnames displays the list of all the packages which appear at least once in the cache.
One of the features which might come in handy more often is apt-cache policy, described in the following section.

6.3.1. The apt-cache policy Command

The apt-cache policy command displays the pinning priorities and distribution properties of each package source as explained in Bagian 6.2.5, “Mengelola Prioritas Paket”. It can also show the pinning priorities for all available versions and sources of a package. For the sources.list example used in Contoh 6.2, “Berkas /etc/apt/sources.list untuk pengguna Debian Stable” and APT::Default-Release set to "bullseye", the output will look like this:
$ apt-cache policy
Package files:
 100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
     release a=now
 100 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports/main amd64 Packages
     release o=Debian Backports,a=bullseye-backports,n=bullseye-backports,l=Debian Backports,c=main,b=amd64
     origin deb.debian.org
 990 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/non-free amd64 Packages
     release v=11.0,o=Debian,a=stable,n=bullseye,l=Debian,c=non-free,b=amd64
     origin deb.debian.org
 990 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/contrib amd64 Packages
     release v=11.0,o=Debian,a=stable,n=bullseye,l=Debian,c=contrib,b=amd64
     origin deb.debian.org
 990 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages
     release v=11.0,o=Debian,a=stable,n=bullseye,l=Debian,c=main,b=amd64
     origin deb.debian.org
 500 http://security.debian.org bullseye-security/main amd64 Packages
     release v=11,o=Debian,a=stable-security,n=bullseye-security,l=Debian-Security,c=main,b=amd64
     origin security.debian.org
Pinned packages:
apt-cache policy can also show the pinning priorities for all available versions and sources of a given package.
$ apt-cache policy limnoria
limnoria:
  Installed: 2021.06.15-1
  Candidate: 2021.06.15-1
  Version table:
     2021.07.21-1~bpo11+1 100
        100 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports/main amd64 Packages
 *** 2021.06.15-1 990
        990 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages
        100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
Although there is a newer version of limnoria in the bullseye-backports repository, APT will not install it automatically based on the priority. One would have to use apt install limnoria/bullseye-backports or add a higher pinning priority to /etc/apt/preferences.d/limnoria.pref:
Package: limnoria
Pin: release o=Debian Backports, a=bullseye-backports
Pin-Priority: 1001
$ apt-cache policy limnoria
limnoria:
  Installed: 2021.06.15-1
  Candidate: 2021.07.21-1~bpo11+1
  Version table:
     2021.07.21-1~bpo11+1 1001
        100 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports/main amd64 Packages
 *** 2021.06.15-1 990
        990 https://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages
        100 /var/lib/dpkg/status